Read Shikasta by Doris Lessing Free Online
Book Title: Shikasta|
The author of the book: Doris Lessing
Date of issue: April 1986
ISBN 13: 9788445070437
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 26.79 MB
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Reader ratings: 3.2
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La historia de la milenaria Shikasta es la historia del planeta Tierra, y de las razas que han habitado en él, contada desde dos puntos de vista: el cósmico, impersonal -las felicidades y pesadillas de la conciencia en un determinado rincón de la galaxia-, y el humano o personal -la identidad, el carácter y el destino del individuo "cuatro" o "diecisiete". En una elocuente y dramática sucesión de relatos -informes de los emisarios de Canopus, documentos de archivo, testimonios personales de los shikastianos- la larga y encarnizada lucha del hombre contra el hombre, del hombre contra la naturaleza o contra lo mejor de sí mismo, va revelándose como resultado, causa e imagen de una lucha cósmica entre la creatividad y la esterilidad, la evolución y la degenaración, la armonía y la desarmonía de los mundos. Los mitos más antiguos cuentan una y otra vez la pérdida de la "unanimidad en el sentir". El benévolo y casi omnisciente Canopus que en un principio contribuyera a la aparición de la humanidad (cruzando erróneamente monos con Gigantes), luego tiene que combatir, casi siempre en vano, los primeros síntomas de la caída original, la Enfermedad Degenerativa (verse a sí mismo como individuo), cuya causa parece haber sido un desequilibrio cósmico, una falla en los ordenamientos planetarios.
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Read information about the authorBoth of her parents were British: her father, who had been crippled in World War I, was a clerk in the Imperial Bank of Persia; her mother had been a nurse. In 1925, lured by the promise of getting rich through maize farming, the family moved to the British colony in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Like other women writers from southern African who did not graduate from high school (such as Olive Schreiner and Nadine Gordimer), Lessing made herself into a self-educated intellectual.
In 1937 she moved to Salisbury, where she worked as a telephone operator for a year. At nineteen, she married Frank Wisdom, and had two children. A few years later, feeling trapped in a persona that she feared would destroy her, she left her family, remaining in Salisbury. Soon she was drawn to the like-minded members of the Left Book Club, a group of Communists "who read everything, and who did not think it remarkable to read." Gottfried Lessing was a central member of the group; shortly after she joined, they married and had a son.
During the postwar years, Lessing became increasingly disillusioned with the Communist movement, which she left altogether in 1954. By 1949, Lessing had moved to London with her young son. That year, she also published her first novel, The Grass Is Singing, and began her career as a professional writer.
In June 1995 she received an Honorary Degree from Harvard University. Also in 1995, she visited South Africa to see her daughter and grandchildren, and to promote her autobiography. It was her first visit since being forcibly removed in 1956 for her political views. Ironically, she is welcomed now as a writer acclaimed for the very topics for which she was banished 40 years ago.
In 2001 she was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize in Literature, one of Spain's most important distinctions, for her brilliant literary works in defense of freedom and Third World causes. She also received the David Cohen British Literature Prize.
She was on the shortlist for the first Man Booker International Prize in 2005. In 2007 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
(Extracted from the pamphlet: A Reader's Guide to The Golden Notebook & Under My Skin, HarperPerennial, 1995. Full text available on www.dorislessing.org).
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