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Book Title: The Raven and Other Poems and Tales|
The author of the book: Edgar Allan Poe
Date of issue: October 1st 2001
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Format files: PDF
The size of the: 7.94 MB
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The Raven debuted in 1845 to instant success, thanks to some smart circulating moves by Poe, himself. It put Poe in the center of the public eye after years of floundering, and into what we would describe today as "pop culture" celebrity.
It is a narrative in verse, telling the story of a black bird that sought shelter from tumultuous weather. It flew into a student's bedroom, frightening him from his sorrowful memories of his deceased mistress. The inconsolable lover curiously asked the bird's name to which it replied, "Nevermore." The lover soon realized that "what it utters is its only stock and store", but in his misguided desire for self torture, and driven by a superstitious sense, he continued to bombard the bird with questions that would only bring more suffering. The Raven is said to have its origins in myth- a messenger of bad news, referring to biblical text of a white bird turning to black when it failed to bring back its messages, or for that matter, "good" messages.
Every genuine author in a greater or lesser degree leaves in his works, whatever their design, traces of his personal character.
Poe confessed that the bird's master is a reflection of himself:
"Caught from some unhappy master whom unmerciful Disaster
Followed fast and followed faster till his songs one burden bore-
Till the dirges of his Hope that melancholy burden bore
Of 'Never- nevermore'."
Poe was a huge admirer of Elizabeth Barrett (not yet Browning), so enthusiastic as to echo the complex rhyme and rhythm of her work. He praised Barrett's The Drama of Exile and Other Poems in his review published in The Broadway Journal in January 1845. On receiving a dedicated copy of The Raven from him, Barrett stated:
"Receiving a book from you seems to authorize or at least encourage me to try to express what I have long felt before- my sense of high honour you done to me in your country and mine, of the dedication of your poems..
Your "Raven" has produced a sensation, a "fit horror," here in England. Some of my friends are taken by the fear of it and some by the music. I hear of persons haunted by the " Nevermore."... think you would like to be told our great poet, Mr. Browning...was struck much by the rhythm of that poem."
The Raven was viewed with mixed reception by many of Poe's contemporaries. William Butler Yeats harshly described it as "insincere and vulgar."
The Southern Quarterly Review wrote in July 1848 that insignificant "rapping" on a door or a "fluttering" curtain would only affect "a child who had been frightened to the verge of idiocy by terrible ghost stories". Even in death, Poe was accused of plagiarism by his own friend Thomas Holley Chivers, who went so far as to say that the repeated mantra "nevermore" was of his own making.
For all its controversial beginnings, The Raven has been parodied in the silly and equally serious adaptations in all of media industry; it has been an enduring, iconoclastic work that has influenced the imaginations of the biggest writers of horror genre. It is one of the most memorable achievements of Edgar Allan Poe and probably the most contributory to his legacy.
full poem of The Raven posted at http://nicoleiam.booklikes.com/post/6...
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Read information about the authorThe name Poe brings to mind images of murderers and madmen, premature burials, and mysterious women who return from the dead. His works have been in print since 1827 and include such literary classics as The Tell-Tale Heart, The Raven, and The Fall of the House of Usher. This versatile writer’s oeuvre includes short stories, poetry, a novel, a textbook, a book of scientific theory, and hundreds of essays and book reviews. He is widely acknowledged as the inventor of the modern detective story and an innovator in the science fiction genre, but he made his living as America’s first great literary critic and theoretician. Poe’s reputation today rests primarily on his tales of terror as well as on his haunting lyric poetry.
Just as the bizarre characters in Poe’s stories have captured the public imagination so too has Poe himself. He is seen as a morbid, mysterious figure lurking in the shadows of moonlit cemeteries or crumbling castles. This is the Poe of legend. But much of what we know about Poe is wrong, the product of a biography written by one of his enemies in an attempt to defame the author’s name.
The real Poe was born to traveling actors in Boston on January 19, 1809. Edgar was the second of three children. His other brother William Henry Leonard Poe would also become a poet before his early death, and Poe’s sister Rosalie Poe would grow up to teach penmanship at a Richmond girls’ school. Within three years of Poe’s birth both of his parents had died, and he was taken in by the wealthy tobacco merchant John Allan and his wife Frances Valentine Allan in Richmond, Virginia while Poe’s siblings went to live with other families. Mr. Allan would rear Poe to be a businessman and a Virginia gentleman, but Poe had dreams of being a writer in emulation of his childhood hero the British poet Lord Byron. Early poetic verses found written in a young Poe’s handwriting on the backs of Allan’s ledger sheets reveal how little interest Poe had in the tobacco business.
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