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Book Title: Jude the Obscure|
The author of the book: Thomas Hardy
Edition: W. W. Norton & Company
Date of issue: January 17th 1999
ISBN 13: 9780393972788
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 779 KB
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The novel is fully annotated and is accompanied by Hardy s map of Wessex and a plan of late Victorian Oxford (the Christminster of the novel). The textual history of Jude the Obscure including an account of the surviving manuscript showing Hardy s major change of intention during its composition, of the pressure to bowdlerize the novel, and of the subsequent restoration and revisions is traced in a series of extracts from Hardy s writings as well as from those of his contemporaries and of modern scholars Richard Little Purdy, John Paterson, and Robert C. Slack. Selections from Hardy s poems, autobiography, letters, and journalistic writings provide a background to the novel. Autobiographical elements and the social climate of the period in which Hardy lived and wrote are discussed by C. J. Weber and W. R. Rutland, and Hardy s use of locale is explored in a section prepared specially for this edition. "Contemporary Reception" provides a selection of reviews. "Modern Criticism" is provided by Irving Howe, Arthur Mizener, A. Alvarez, J. I. M. Stewart, Harvey Curtis Webster, D. H. Lawrence, Albert J. Guerard, Robert Gittings, Frederick P. W. McDowell, and Emma Clifford. A Selected Bibliography is included.
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Read information about the authorThomas Hardy, OM, was an English author of the naturalist movement, although in several poems he displays elements of the previous romantic and enlightenment periods of literature, such as his fascination with the supernatural. He regarded himself primarily as a poet and composed novels mainly for financial gain. The bulk of his work, set mainly in the semi-fictional land of Wessex, delineates characters struggling against their passions and circumstances. Hardy's poetry, first published in his 50s, has come to be as well regarded as his novels, especially after The Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. The term cliffhanger is considered to have originated with Thomas Hardy's serial novel A Pair of Blue Eyes in 1873. In the novel, Hardy chose to leave one of his protagonists, Knight, literally hanging off a cliff staring into the stony eyes of a trilobite embedded in the rock that has been dead for millions of years. This became the archetypal — and literal — cliff-hanger of Victorian prose.
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