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Book Title: Apuntes de un derrotista|
The author of the book: Joe Sacco
Edition: Planeta DeAgostini
Date of issue: 2006
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 7.91 MB
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Reader ratings: 7.9
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En parte documental de viajes, en parte autobiografía satírica, en parte sátira pura y simple, Apuntes de un derrotista recopila, por primera vez, los trabajos de menos extensión que llevaron a Joe Sacco hacia sus dos piezas mayores, las obras maestras del "cómic-periodismo" Palestina, ganadora del American Book Award y la novela gráfica, éxito de ventas, Gorazde, zona protegida.
De hecho, Sacco allanó el camino para Palestina con un potente tríptico sobre la guerra moderna y las víctimas inocentes, publicando originalmente en su cómic Yahoo e incluído en este libro: "Cuando las bombas buenas caen sobre la gente mala" narra el efecto de los ataques aéreos sobre la población civil, desde Alemania y Japón durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta Líbia en 1986; "Más mujeres, más niños, más deprisa" está escrito desde la perspectiva de una víctima y Sacco muestra las horribles experiencias de su madre durante los bombardeos italianos y alemanes sobre Malta; "Cómo llegué a amar la guerra", el trabajo central de Derrotista (y el capítulo del cual la presente obra toma el título) es la reflexión apasionada pero satírica del autor sobre la Guerra del Golfo, y la propaganda y el circo mediático alrededor de ella. Publicado durante el reinado de Bush I ha adquirido desde entonces, si cabe, una mayor relevancia.
Derrotista también incluye trabajos como "Genio del dibujo", "Viaje al fin de la biblioteca", "Una experiencia repugnante" y "En mi día libre", un ciclo de cómics autobiográficos tristes y divertidos que muestran las posibilidades del dibujo de Sacco.
Derrotista se completa con una amplia selección de sus primeros trabajos, como tiras de prensa satíricas (ninguna recopilada antes en libro) y nuevas introducciones y notas del autor.
Una combinación de deslices juveniles y trabajos de madurez, Apuntes de un derrotista llama la atención sobre la obra de un joven y brillante artista que redefine las posibilidades y el potencial del medio elegido.
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Read information about the authorJoe Sacco was born in Malta on October 2, 1960. At the age of one, he moved with his family to Australia, where he spent his childhood until 1972, when they moved to Los Angeles. He began his journalism career working on the Sunset High School newspaper in Beaverton, Oregon. While journalism was his primary focus, this was also the period of time in which he developed his penchant for humor and satire. He graduated from Sunset High in 1978.
Sacco earned his B.A. in journalism from the University of Oregon in 1981 in three years. He was greatly frustrated with the journalist work that he found at the time, later saying, "[I couldn't find] a job writing very hard-hitting, interesting pieces that would really make some sort of difference." After being briefly employed by the journal of the National Notary Association, a job which he found "exceedingly, exceedingly boring," and several factories, he returned to Malta, his journalist hopes forgotten. "...I sort of decided to forget it and just go the other route, which was basically take my hobby, which has been cartooning, and see if I could make a living out of that," he later told the BBC.
He began working for a local publisher writing guidebooks. Returning to his fondness for comics, he wrote a Maltese romance comic named Imħabba Vera ("True Love"), one of the first art-comics in the Maltese language. "Because Malta has no history of comics, comics weren't considered something for kids," he told Village Voice. "In one case, for example, the girl got pregnant and she went to Holland for an abortion. Malta is a Catholic country where not even divorce is allowed. It was unusual, but it's not like anyone raised a stink about it, because they had no way of judging whether this was appropriate material for comics or not."
Eventually returning to the United States, by 1985 Sacco had founded a satirical, alternative comics magazine called Portland Permanent Press in Portland, Oregon. When the magazine folded fifteen months later, he took a job at The Comics Journal as the staff news writer. This job provided the opportunity for him to create another satire: the comic Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy, a name he took from an overly-complicated children's toy in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World.
But Sacco was more interested in travelling. In 1988, he left the U.S. again to travel across Europe, a trip which he chronicled in his autobiographical comic Yahoo. The trip lead him towards the ongoing Gulf War (his obsession with which he talks about in Yahoo #2), and in 1991 he found himself nearby to research the work he would eventually publish as Palestine.
The Gulf War segment of Yahoo drew Sacco into a study of Middle Eastern politics, and he traveled to Israel and the Palestinian territories to research his first long work. Palestine was a collection of short and long pieces, some depicting Sacco's travels and encounters with Palestinians (and several Israelis), and some dramatizing the stories he was told. It was serialized as a comic book from 1993 to 2001 and then published in several collections, the first of which won an American Book Award in 1996.
Sacco next travelled to Sarajevo and Goražde near the end of the Bosnian War, and produced a series of reports in the same style as Palestine: the comics Safe Area Goražde, The Fixer, and the stories collected in War's End; the financing for which was aided by his winning of the Guggenheim Fellowship in April 2001. Safe Area Goražde won the Eisner Award for Best Original Graphic Novel in 2001.
He has also contributed short pieces of graphic reportage to a variety of magazines, on subjects ranging from war crimes to blues, and is a frequent illustrator of Harvey Pekar's American Splendor. Sacco currently lives in Portland.
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